Bukhara – other spots

The large Jewish cemetery in Buchara is still maintained, and tombstones were engraved with photographic images of the dead. Young and old, but overall life was shorter, and there was so many, maybe the majority, who died at 40-65 years old.

vivid stonc cutting Ruthie
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The scholar and his medal.

The 10th century Tomb of the Samanids survived Genghis Khan by being buried in sand. It is an almost perfect cube, covered in monochrome decorative brickwork inside and outside. This is the earliest Muslim structure in Bukhara, but the brick patterns with small disks symbolizing the sun were inherited from the Zoroastrians.

900 AD  Mathematical Mausaleum Check the proportions

Inside one can see an early solution to how to square the circle, i.e. how to transfer the structure from a square building to a dome, by constructing a diagonal brick arch (a squinch) that straddles a corner. These squinches make the square into an octagon, and the next layer up turns the octagon into a 16-sides polygon, which is close enough to a circle. Squinches became a recurrent pattern for centuries.
d. 907, Bukhara, Uzbekistan. Founder of the Samanid dyansty
In the afternoon we visited a small museum known as “House of a Wealthy Bukharan Merchant”. The “wealthy merchant” was Fizullah Khodjaev, born to a rich local family, leader of the Young Bukharans, appointed the first president of the Soviet Republic of Uzbekistan in 1920 and a victim of a Stalinist purge in 1938. The photos of the Young Bukharans, smartly dressed and bespectacled revolutionaries in their 20’s, looking hopeful and confident, were especially moving.
harems, bedrooms, public areas etc

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